Grand Journal of Urology
E-ISSN : 2757-7163

Urological Pathologies and Their Incidence Rates Determined in Cases Applied to the Health Board
Deniz Noyan Ozlu1, Ekrem Guner1
1Department of Urology, University of Health Sciences, Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5222/GJU.2021.14633
Pages : 089-095
Objective: Applications are made to health boards for age assessment, gender determination, employment in some occupational groups and detection of disability. The aim of our study is to determine the defined urological pathologies and their incidence rates in the patients who applied to the health board of our hospital.

Materials and Methods: Our study included patients who applied to the urology outpatient clinic of the health board between January 2015 and December 2020 for the purpose of employment in some occupational groups, determination of age, gender, disabilities and obtaining a general health report. Patients were investigated in two different groups, according to their indications for their applications as detection of disabilities and other indications, and the diagnoses were classified under the subheadings of stone diseases, malignancies, neurourology-incontinence, andrology and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Results: A total of 1453 cases were included in the study. Hundred and fifty-one (10.4%) patients applied for the detection of disability. A total of 206 (17%) patients, including 70 (46.3%) cases in the disability detection group and 136 (10.4%) in the other group had a urological diagnosis. The most common pathology was malignancies with 65 (4.4%) cases, in order of frequency; testicular cancer (n=25: 38.4%), bladder cancer (n=15: 23%), prostate cancer (n=13: 20%), kidney cancer (n=11: 16.9%) and penile cancer (n=1: 1,5%). The second most frequently seen diagnostic group was the stone disease group (n=55: 3.7%), and 17 (30.9%) of them required further investigation after diagnosis. Consequently ESWL (n=6: 10.9%), and surgical intervention (n=4: 7.3%) were planned for the indicated number of patients.

Conclusion: Urogenital system malignancies and urinary tract stones have been identified as the most common pathologies in patients who applied to the health board. The fact that some diseases, especially urolithiasis were followed by further examination and treatment, shows the contribution of the health board examinations to the treatment as well as the health status determination feature.

Keywords : health board, disability evaluation, urologic diseases, medical examination, health check
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