Grand Journal of Urology
E-ISSN : 2757-7163

D-dimer in the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
Hasan Salih Saglam1, Haci Ibrahim Cimen1
1Department of Urology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Training and Research Hospital, Adapazari, Sakarya, Turkey
DOI : 10.5222/GJU.2021.39974
Pages : 66-70
Objective: To investigate the value of D-dimer, a marker of fibrinolysis, in metastatic and non-metastatic prostate cancer.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 138 male patients including 52 patients with prostate cancer and 86 with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Participants who had factors that altered D-dimer levels were excluded. The mean ages of the groups were similar (70 ± 8 vs 68 ± 8, p= NS). In addition, data regarding biochemical findings, prostate-specific antigen and hemostatic markers, including D-dimer, were retrieved from the database of our hospital. The cut-off point of D-dimer was 0.5 mg/L. Data from scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans related to metastasis were also considered. Patients who showed findings of metastasis according to scintigraphy and lumbosacral MRI were accepted as having metastases. Positive findings in only scintigraphy in any area were considered suspicious for metastasis.

Results: Patients with prostate cancer had higher D-dimer levels than benign prostate hyperplasia patients (p= 0.024). Sixteen patients with metastatic prostate cancer and suspicious for metastasis had markedly high D-dimer levels compared to benign prostate hyperplasia and non-metastatic prostate cancer patients.

Conclusion: prostate cancer, especially when metastatic, may increase D-dimer levels.

Keywords : D-dimer, prostate cancer, metastasis
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